Assignment on Inductive And Deductive Arguments

Recognizing Arguments

In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as strict, loose, inductive, and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments.

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There aretwoparts to the assignment. Complete both parts.

Part 1

1a: Identify Components of Arguments

Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for the following passages. Where applicable, or phrases that identify a claim as a premise or a conclusion.


Refer to the following example:

All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.


All men are mortal.Premise

Socrates is a man.Premise

Therefore, Socrates is mortal.Conclusion

Therefore is a the claim is the conclusion.


1.Sue is pregnant and will give birth to one child. We know already this child has no genetic anomalies. If Sues baby is a boy, he will be named Mark. If Sues baby is a girl, she will be named Margaret. Sue will have either a boy or a girl. So we know Sues baby will be named Mark or Margaret.


Premises: If Sues baby is a boy it will be named Mark.

Premises: If Sues baby is a girl it will be named Margaret.

Conclusion: Sues baby will be named Mark or Margaret. .


2.If the library hasTheLord of the Rings,you wont find it on the first floor. This is because all fantasy novels are fiction and all works of fiction are housed on the second floor of the library. Of course, I am assuming that all the books are properly shelved at this time.


Premises: Because all fantasy novels are fiction.

Premises: and all works of fiction are housed on the second floor.

Conclusion: If the library has The Lord of the Rings you wont find it on the first floor.

Because is a key word indicating a premises.


3.After a year, that among the walkers, the hippocampus had increased in volume by about 2 percent on average; in the others, it had declined by about 1.4 percent. Since such a decline is normal in older adults, a 2 percent increase is fairly significant, said the lead author, Kirk Erickson, a psychologist at the University of Pittsburgh. Both groups also improved on a test of spatial memory, but the walkers improved more. While it is hard to generalize from this study to other populations, the researchers were delighted to learn that the hippocampus might expand with exercise (Span, 2011).

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