Citation of audio and video references and links

UC Irvine, Winter 2022
Dr. Dawn M. Norfleet
Jazz Artist Report Guidelines,
Reports will be well-written and will have a clear bibliography and discography per UCI guidelines.
Projects without a bibliography and citation of audio and video references and links will not
be accepted. Reports are due by Monday, February 28 by 6:00 PM (PST). LATE PROJECTS
This project is equally research, observation and analysis.
Once approved: Become an Expert on Your Artist!
• Focus on one full concert (50 or more minutes). Select 2-3 songs from that you find
intriguing or that best represent their style. Try to locate recordings (audio or video) of at
least one song you heard live. Include dates and locations of concert and recording.
• Research and discuss your artist’s major influences, genre/s, and lives, using the
online UCI Library and other resources.
• Discuss and analyze your chosen songs. Be certain to include links to your concert,
whether livestreamed or pre-recorded, and acknowledge band personnel when available,
and time stamp (important). For example, if your artist, Nubiya Garcia, plays “Lush Life” at
47 minutes, 27 seconds into her program, reference the timestamp as (0:47:27).
• Demonstrate your knowledge of jazz vocabulary, genres, and concepts: does this
artist seem to use blues elements (many contemporary artists may not do so, overtly)?
What jazz elements do we find? Is this artist on the cusp of more than one genre? How
does your artist show tradition and innovation in jazz? Use terminology appropriate for that
style; for contemporary artists, you’ll likely have to look up and read ahead for terms such
as fusion, avant-garde, M-BASE, and extended technique.
• Incorporate class discussion and readings. Be certain you include how your artist is
connected to the jazz tradition. If you’re looking at fusion bands like Snarky Puppy, you’ll
likely need to reference Miles Davis’ 1970s ventures, for example.
• Identify your artist and the concert or album in your title. Include links to your concert,
whether livestreamed or pre-recorded. Identify band personnel of in your selections when
available. If discussing a large ensemble, just identify the soloists of your selection/s.
LIBRARY RESOURCES – You should have already looked up your artist’s biography for your
proposal. Now, get preliminary historical information from LTJ or AAM (instructions below) to find a
artist that’s similar or was cited as an influence. Next, you’re ready to expand your knowledge
through academic research. Visit the library page designed specifically for this course at (You must first download and use VPN for full access.)
Peruse the digital resources such as online books, periodicals, and streamable recordings, there.
For further questions about resources or citations, make an appointment to meet online with the
Music Librarian, Scott Stone, at [email protected] as soon as possible.
FORMAT: Use standard font (Times New Roman, Arial, Geneva), double-spaced. Your report will
be three to five pages in length, not including your heading and cover page, and references. This
means, there are no less than three full pages of text and not exceeding six total pages of text,
submitted on Canvas.
Artist Report will consist of at a minimum of five paragraphs: an introduction, a conclusion, and
supporting paragraphs. Each paragraph should consist of about 5-7 sentences.
COVER PAGE – Consists of your Approved Proposal, along with approved concert
link. If submitting jointly, include both names, with your own at the top. Neither cover
page nor bibliography is included in the minimum number of pages.
Reminder: This project is equally observation, analysis, and research.
Opening Paragraph: Introduce your artist and identify the concert and/or album. Also, name
the songs you’re discussing. State your purpose in the opening sentences. Do not use fluff
phrases, like “Music has been with us since the end of time”. Just the facts, please!
Supporting Paragraphs: These inner paragraphs will support the statements made in the
opening paragraph. First, discuss and describe what you see in the concert to demonstrate
your understanding of appropriate terminology, genres, and styles. Include comparisons with
artists whom we’ve studied (or that are in LTJ or AAM) that are similar to your chosen
musician. You can compare how the live version of some songs differ from recorded
versions. You might compare this artist to one of her/his major influences.
Conclusion: Tie up your impressions and research by describing what was traditional and
what was innovative about your artist’s performance vis a vis jazz history. How did your artist
expand your knowledge of jazz history? You might include your feelings about watching a
recorded concert instead of a live performance. Also, please do not start this section with, “in
References: Your Artist Report will be supplemented with research from at least five (5)
sources, with the following criteria:
• One of your resources must be LTJ or African American Music: An Introduction.
• Two of your sources must be from the list of titles listed in the syllabus, such as
Thelonious Monk or Miles: The Autobiography.
• The other references must be research-driven hardcover and/or digital books,
periodicals, and “liner notes” (booklets accompanying LPs and CDs that often have
important details about the recording). You can find these resources via UCI Libraries,
including the online resource. A paper earning an “A” grade will skillfully incorporate
such “outside” research beyond class readings.
• One of your sources can be a personal interview with the performer/composer (site
artist’s name, date, location and duration of interview). A photo screenshot of you
and artist can be submitted, with artist’s prior permission.
Books — including digital books — should be research-based, or biographies (like Angela
Davis’ Blues Legacies or Charles Mingus’ Beneath the Underdog, and/or jazz magazine
articles). Only list books that you’ve really used; don’t pad your bibliography—we’ll notice
Your online research should consist of sources that have been professionally verified; e.g.,
an online doctoral dissertation, research paper, or periodical (Billboard, Downbeat, Jazz
Drummer, JazzIz,, etc. Wikipedia will not count as one of your minimum
references. Digital versions of newspapers like LA Times and New York Times are
acceptable. For all online resources, include direct link.
Bibliography: To avoid plagiarism, make sure to carefully cite any idea that is not your own.
This applies to direct quotations of artists and song lyrics, in addition to books, articles,
websites, and the like. This also applies to rewording or paraphrasing someone else’s
writing. Our UCI Library “History of Jazz” page contains information on constructing a

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