The vantage point of the company paying the bribe

a.Utilitarian ethics if the overall greater good is achieved by paying the bribe even though there are certain negative consequences for some stakeholders (such as the competition and the host society).

b.Ethical egoism from the vantage point of the company paying the bribe if they really need the contract with the foreign government and they have a policy of “letting the locals deal with the locals.”

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c.Ethical relativism if making the lavish “gifts” (that is, “bribe” payments”) to foreign government officials is considered to be an acceptable and appropriate practice and custom in the host county.

d.All of the above.


Question 2 Pat, for Agricultural Hybrids, Inc., applies

Utilitarian ethics to determine that an action is morally correct when it produces

The greatest good for Pat

The greatest good for the most people affected by the action

The greatest good for Pats company and its shareholders since they are the only true stakeholder groups Good emotional feelings that arise in Pat


Question 3 Ethics is best described as:

The metaphysical study of ultimate reality.

The theoretical study of morality.

The constitutional analysis of equal protection and due process decisions

None of the above.


Question 4 Which is false about the Italian political scientist and philosopher, Niccolo Machiavelli?

He viewed people generally very negatively in that they are selfish, greedy, unscrupulous, treacherous, cowardly, stupid, and short-sighted.

He believed that the only true reality, value, good, and goal is power.

He believed that a virtuous action could be a traditionally bad one if was absolutely necessary to achieve and maintain power.


all are true.


Question 5 Machiavellian ethics is basically premised on the views of:

The Roman Catholic

Church Socrates

The Sophists

The Italian parliament.


Question 6 Ingrid firmly believes that each person must look at her own feelings of what is right and wrong in order to decide what is moral. Which of the following ethical theories most accurately describes Ingrids beliefs?


Social Justice

Ethical Relativism


Question 7 Which statement is NOT part of Kant’s Categorical Imperative?

a. When in Germany, do as the Germans would do.

b. Treat people always with dignity and respect.

c. Act only under those maxims that you would be willing to have as universal “laws.”

d. Act only if you would be willing to be the agent/giver or the receiver of the action.


Question 8 The famous French adage, The heart has its reasons that reason knows not, is best reflected in what ethical theory?

Kants Categorical Imperative.

Ethical Relativism.

Ethical Emotism

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